Internet intermediaries unilaterally define their terms of service (ToS) and enforce them privately by shaping the architectures of the networks and platforms under their control. Based on empirical evidence, Belli and Venturini argue that ToS and their implementation affect users’ rights.
Research articles on Information & Data
Multi-sided online platforms such as social networks, search services and trading platforms can benefit society in important ways. This paper examines the competition effects of data portability among these platforms.
Agribusinesses are buying into big data for its predictive powers, bypassing farmers and aggregating previously proprietary farming data. Given this power asymmetry, what are the ethics of the use of big data in big agriculture?
This thematic edition looks at studies that scrutinise big data and power in concrete fields of application. It brings together scholars from different disciplines shedding light on the fields of agriculture, education, border control and consumer policy.
How should the EU regulate the expanding role of for-profit vendors in school operations making use of big data technologies?
Personalised news websites can have serious implications for democracy, but little is known about the extent and effects of personalisation.
Contrary to expectations of a “net empowerment”, net neutrality debates on Twitter show that established political and media actors still play important roles.
Turkey passed an internet censorship law in 2007 with the declared objective of protecting families and minors. Since its introduction, the European Court of Human Rights has ruled that this law is against the European Convention on Human Rights. This article provides an overview of internet censorship and its social background in Turkey.
This study analyses the online discourse related to the failure of two internet policy initiatives in two democratic countries: Germany and the United States.
Bloggers' and online journalists’ experiences of defamation and privacy law suggest that new approaches to legal policy are needed in a digital media environment. This paper by Judith Townend draws on empirical research to analyse chilling effects in the UK.