Research articles

Private ordering and the rise of terms of service as cyber-regulation


Luca Belli, Fundação Getulio Vargas Law School
Jamila Venturini, Fundação Getulio Vargas Law School
PUBLISHED ON: 29 Dec 2016 DOI: 10.14763/2016.4.441

Internet intermediaries unilaterally define their terms of service (ToS) and enforce them privately by shaping the architectures of the networks and platforms under their control. Based on empirical evidence, Belli and Venturini argue that ToS and their implementation affect users’ rights.

The invisible politics of Bitcoin: governance crisis of a decentralised infrastructure


Primavera De Filippi, Harvard University
Benjamin Loveluck, Télécom ParisTech (Université Paris-Saclay) and CERSA (CNRS-Paris 2)
PUBLISHED ON: 30 Sep 2016 DOI: 10.14763/2016.3.427

A trustless technology, Bitcoin tries to solve issues of social coordination and economic exchange by relying exclusively on technological means. Is technology alone able to resolve the social and political concerns affecting the Bitcoin network?

Instability and internet design


Sandra Braman, Texas A&M University
PUBLISHED ON: 30 Sep 2016 DOI: 10.14763/2016.3.429

​The history of the internet design process as depicted in the internet RFCs provides evidence of the value of social capital, interpersonal relationships, and community in the face of instability. Drawing conceptual distinctions is a necessary first step for many of the other coping techniques.