Hacktivists 1.0 were Anonymous mask wearing outsiders. Subsequent generations are made up of insiders who use privacy enhancing technologies to hide their identities, to keep power under control or to disengage.
The 'Facebook online social experiment' has caused much controversy. Researchers Cornelius Puschmann and Engin Bozdag review the debate around research ethics and come to the conclusion that "benefits for science should be balanced with possible hazards that may be caused by experiments, rather than precluding that such benefits outweigh the gains
This paper examines how various stakeholders in the 2014 EC consultation on copyright attempted to shape the definition of user-generated content and what this means for the reform of copyright in Europe.
Recognising the concept of constitutionalisation of virtual worlds (such as Second Life or World of Warcraft), this paper argues for a more nuanced approach towards the recognition of virtual assets of users.
The Aero case encapsulates a dilemma facing courts in the US and EU – that a ruling to shut down a company, on the basis that it is unlawful under copyright law, could threaten innovation in areas such as the cloud.
Bitcoin is the first decentralised, peer-to-peer network that allows for the proof and transfer of ownership of virtual currencies without the need for a trusted third party. The purpose of this article is to address how we can capture Bitcoin’s potential benefits for the economy while addressing new regulatory challenges.
Cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin are often seen as a threat by governmental and financial institutions worldwide. Regulation could help minimise the risks involved. The author explores some legal and self-regulatory precedents from which we can learn.
A review of the recent economic literature aimed at empirically assessing internet users’ valuation of their personal data, suggesting possible limitations and pitfalls in the experiments, and drawing policy-oriented remarks focused on data portability.